Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgars, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
In humans, pimples tend to appear on the face, back, chest, shoulders and neck.
Simply put – skin cells, serum and hair can clump together into a plug, this plug gets infected with bacteria, resulting in a swelling.
A pimple starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.
Causes of Acne
Nobody is completely sure what causes acne.
Experts believe the primary cause is a rise in androgen levels – androgen is a type of hormone. Androgen levels rise when a human becomes an adolescent.
Rising androgen levels make the oil glands under your skin grow; the enlarged gland produces more oil.
Excessive sebum can break down cellular walls in your pores, causing bacteria to grow.
Types of acne pimples
Whiteheads – remain under the skin and are very small.
Blackheads – clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not help.
Papules – visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink.
Pustules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
Nobules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
Cysts – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars.
9 Ways To Prevent Acne
1. Chill Water
- Ice reduces redness, swelling, and inflammation.
- It shrinks the pores, and by extension, the size of the breakout.
- With regular application, ice keeps pores small so they’re less likely to get clogged. This also makes skin firmer and smoother.
2. Exercise Daily
- Regular exercise is good for your whole body, including your skin.
- When you exercise, avoid wearing clothing or using exercise equipment that rubs your skin and may cause irritation.
- Shower or bathe right after exercise.
3. Feed Your Skin
- Most experts agree that certain foods, like chocolate, don’t cause pimples.
- Still, it makes sense to avoid greasy food and junk food and add more fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains to your diet.
- Dairy products and foods high in processed sugar may trigger acne. Avoid these.
4. Keep Your Hands Off Your Face
Avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin on your hands.
Not only can you spread bacteria, you can also irritate the already inflamed facial skin. Never pick or pop pimples with your fingers, as it can lead to infection and scarring.
5 . Watch What You Put on Your Hair
- Avoid using fragrances, oils, pomades, or gels on your hair. If they get on your face, they can block your skin’s pores and irritate your skin.
- Use a gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can add to the oil on your face, so wash your hair often, especially if you’re breaking out. Got long hair? Keep it pulled away from your face.
6. Use Makeup Sparingly
- During a breakout, avoid wearing foundation, powder, or blush. If you do wear makeup, wash it off at the end of the day.
- If possible, choose oil-free cosmetics without added dyes and chemicals. Choose makeup that is labeled as “noncomedogenic,” meaning it should not cause acne.
- Read the ingredients list on the product label before buying.
7. Try an Over the Counter Acne Product
- These acne products don’t need a prescription. Most of them have ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, which curb bacteria and dry your skin. They may cause drying or peeling so start with a small amount at first.
- Then you can adjust how much you use and how often. Another option is a new OTC topical retinoid gel.
- It works to actually keep the acne from forming. Use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.
8. Keep Your Face Clean
- Whether or not you have acne, it’s important to wash your face twice daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil from your skin’s surface. Washing more often than twice daily is not necessarily better; it may do more harm than good.
- Use warm, not hot, water and a mild facial cleanser. Using a harsh soap (like deodorant body soap) can hurt the already inflamed skin and cause more irritation.
- Many acne products contain ingredients that dry the skin, so always use a moisturizer that minimizes dryness and skin peeling.
- Look for “noncomedogenic” on the label, which means it should not cause acne. There are moisturizers made for oily, dry, or combination skin.
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